Bacteria Causing UTI in Patients at Abu Ghraib, Iraq: Isolation and Identification

  • Nathera Hussin Alwan Department of Nursing, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq.
  • Ghazi Mohamad Ramadan Ahl Al Bayt University, College of MLT, Kerbala, Iraq.
  • Atheer Khdyair Hamad Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, AL-Nisour University College, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Saad Altammimi Destiny College, Medical Lab Techniques, Al-Farahidi University, Iraq.
  • Thabit Moath Omar Department of Medical Laboratory Technics, AlNoor University College, Nineveh, Iraq.
  • Mahadhurgham Azeez National University of Science and Technology, DhiQar, Iraq.
  • Mohammad J Al-Jassani Department of Forensic Science, College of Science, Al-Karkh University of Science, Iraq.
Keywords: UTI, E. coli, K. pneumonia, Abu Ghraib, Bacteria


This study aimed to detect the most pathogenic bacteria causing UTI in the Abu Ghraib region in Iraq. A cross-sectional study was done in the clinic to investigate the most common bacterial cause of UTI in patients suffering from UTI symptoms. Patients who visited clinics and whose UTI signs and symptoms were verified by the attending clinician were included in the study. All patients had given their consent to participate in the trial and had no prior history of receiving antibiotics for UTIs in the previous two weeks. Patients who were currently menstruating, had a history of taking an antibiotic within the previous two weeks, or who did not give their consent were not included in the study. Two hundred thirteen midstream urine samples were included in this study obtained from 137 females and 76 males. The age of these patients ranged between 18 and 72 years. The collected urine was examined within 3 hours in the bacteriology laboratory. These samples were cultured on primary media, and then the identification of these unknown bacteria was done. The current study showed that the infections in males were significantly higher than in females. Infection was found to be significantly higher in the age group of 31-50 years than in the other age groups, followed by the age groups of 18-30 years. This study showed that E. coli is the most prevalent bacteria isolated from UTI patients, followed by K. pneumonia. In conclusion, UTIs are caused mainly by E. coli and K. pneumonia. They occur mainly in females as compared to males, especially in the age group between 31 and 50 years.

How to cite this article:
Alwan NH, Ramadan GM, Hamad AK, Altammimi S, Omar TM, Azeez M, Al-Jassani MJ. Bacteria Causing UTI in Patients at Abu Ghraib, Iraq: Isolation and Identification. J Commun Dis. 2023;55(1):98-101.



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