A Study of Summer Related Health Problems among School Children in a Rural Area in Maharashtra
Introduction: In comparison to adults, children are more susceptible to climatic and environmental shocks due to a
variety of factors, including physical and physiological vulnerability and a higher chance of mortality.
Material and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural area among school students. The
study subjects were selected by random sampling method. General examination of children was carried out and data
was collected using a pre – tested questionnaire. The data is analyzed with the help of suitable statistical methods.
Results: 420 students participated in the study. 42% of students spend more than an hour in the sun. 94% of the
students do not use any sun protective measures while going out. 25(6%) students had skin problems related to sun
exposure.70% of students consumed only water less than or equal to 2 Liters in a day.66 (16%) had experienced health
problems related to summer including urinary tract infection, conjunctivitis and skin rashes.
Conclusion: The harmful impacts of hot climate include everything from minor illnesses to fatalities. However, fortunately,
most of these can be prevented by taking basic precautions like using sun protection measures and staying well hydrated.
Copyright (c) 2024 Jayalekshmi CS, Birajdar Shrikant Shivaji, Gurav Ravindra Balaram
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