Effect of Coronavirus among Kidney Disease Patients
Background: COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of both inpatient and outpatient pneumonia.
Objective: To describe the effect of COVID-19 virus on patients with kidney disease and renal transplants and analyse the outcomes of patients at the time of the study.
Patients and Method: This is a descriptive study conducted in Baghdad Medical City, Al Shifa Center (single centre study). The study included 13 RTPCR-positive patients who were screened in the inpatient and outpatient departments. All patients received treatment according to the Iraq Ministry of Health protocol with dose adjusted as per the glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
Result: The mean age of participants was 51.46 years with males more than females. Among the positive cases, 2 had acute kidney injury (15.4%), 3 had chronic kidney diseases (23.1%), 5 had end-stage renal disease (38.5%), and 3 had had renal transplants (23.1%). 6 patients out of 13 were diabetic, 11 were hypertensive, and 1 patient had heart failure. 7 (53.8%) patients were given conservative treatment, 4 were given isolated conventional haemodialysis, and only 2 patients were kept in an intensive care unit on continuous renal replacement therapy. 2 male patients died during the treatment.
Conclusion: Chronic kidney disease is a risk factor for COVID-19 infection and more mortality and infection were found in male patients as compared to female patients in our study.
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