Human-Plasmodium Like in Domestic-goat Blood in Malaria Endemic Areas in Purworejo Indonesia

  • Didik Sumanto Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia and Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia.
  • Suharyo Hadisaputro Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia.
  • M Sakundarno Adi Magister of Epidemiology, Postgraduated Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia.
  • Siti Susanti Faculty of Animal and Agriculture Science, Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Indonesia.
  • Sayono Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Indonesia.
Keywords: Malaria, Human-Plasmodium like, Domestic Goat


Background: Etawa crossbreed goats are cultivated livestock by Jatirejo Kaligesing Purworejo villagers. This village is the area with the highest malaria incidence in the Province of Central Java in 2017. The Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) is 0.32%. Verified malaria vectors are Anopheles aconitus and Anopheles maculatus. Studies show that vectors prefer goat blood over humans. The research aims to trace the presence of human-plasmodium in Etawa-goat blood.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the presence of h-Plasmodium in domestic goats’ blood in pre-elimination malaria areas. 97 Etawa-goats’ samples were taken by purposive sampling. Microscopic detection of human-plasmodium in Etawa-goat’s blood was carried out on thick blood preparations by Giemsa staining.

Results: Human-plasmodium like was detected on four slides, with the findings of three slides resembling P. vivax trophozoites and one slide resembling P. falciparum trophozoites.

Conclusion: The presence of parasites similar to P. vivax and P. falciparum in goats’ blood is important initial information to continue studies on the transmission of h-Plasmodium in domestic livestock. Replication studies in high case incidence areas are needed to complete the microscopic visualisation and are supported by molecular testing.

How to cite this article:
Sumanto D, Hadisaputro S, Adi MS, Susanti S, Sayono. Human-Plasmodium Like in Domesticgoat Blood in Malaria Endemic Areas in Purworejo Indonesia. J Commun Dis. 2021;53(4):148-152.



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