Status of Common Communicable Diseases in Children Tested Using ELISA Methods in Wasit Province, Iraq: A Retrospective Study

  • Akmam Ali Habeeb Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Sciences, Wasit University.
Keywords: Communicable Diseases, Hepatitis B, Rabies


Introduction: An infectious or communicable disease (CD) is a condition triggered by an infectious agent or its byproducts that can be transmitted from one individual to another. A critical condition refers to a state of disorder that arises either during or following a regional conflict or a natural disaster, such as a flood or earthquake. Throughout emergency situations, the mortality rate due to infectious diseases can be 60 times higher than other causes, such as trauma. Over 40% of fatalities in emergency situations are caused by diarrhoeal illness, with children under the age of 2 years old accounting for 80% of these fatalities.
Method: The present study was conducted to understand the status of the common communicable diseases in children in Wasit Province, Iraq, during the years; 2018, 2019, and 2020. The study relied on retrospective data collected from the Department of Statistics at the General Teaching Hospital, Al-Kut City, Iraq. The study included thousands of children, who attended the hospital to seek medical attention due to suffering a CD. These subjects were tested using different types of ELISA methods.
Results: The results revealed a significant (p < 0.05) high spread of many CDs among children, such as mumps, chickenpox, cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis, hepatitis B, bacillary dysentery, and cutaneous anthrax. Some other CDs showed significant (p < 0.05) lower spread among children, such as acute flaccid paralysis, pertussis, and brucellosis.
Conclusion: The current study indicates important information about the status of the common communicable diseases in children in Wasit Province, Iraq, during the years 2018, 2019, and 2020.

How to cite this article:
Habeeb A A. Status of Common Communicable
Diseases in Children Tested Using ELISA Methods
in Wasit Province, Iraq: A Retrospective Study. J
Commun Dis. 2024;56(1):16-20.


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