Assessment of Human Health Vulnerability in Kalahandi-Balangir-Koraput Region of Odisha, India
Background: The impact of climate change on human health in rural and tribal communities has drawn the attention of scientists. One of the most crucial climatic factors in determining the morbidity and mortality linked to vector-borne diseases is rainfall. Socioeconomically, poor communities are anticipated to experience its effects and harshness with greater acuity.
Objective: The main objective of the study is to compare the health vulnerability index (HVI) values for three districts, namely Kalahandi, Balangir, and Koraput, in order to identify which district is most susceptible on the basis of different indicators.
Method: The HVI for each block was calculated using a modified version of the livelihood vulnerability index. Rainfall and malaria were used as indicators for the exposure segment in the HVI calculation. To analyse the vulnerability of each district, in the sensitivity and adaptive capacity, five and eight indicators have been taken respectively.
Result: Based on the data on malaria, the Balangir district experienced extremely low growth, which is quite encouraging for the area. Koraput and Kalahandi have experienced significant negative growth in malaria cases. Overall, the HVI value on the basis of analysis indicates that Koraput district is highly vulnerable and Balangir is the least vulnerable among these three districts.
Conclusion: The Kalahandi, Balangir and Koraput (KBK) districts of Odisha have seen weather variations and disease outbreaks for many years. This research will be of high use in understanding the health vulnerabilities of the districts.
How to cite this article:
Mishra MM, Sahu N, Pani B, Chakraborty A, Mallick G. Assessment of Human Health Vulnerability in Kalahandi-Balangir-Koraput Region of Odisha, India. J Commun Dis. 2023;55(2):1-8.
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