Health Economic Burden of COVID-19 and its Comorbidities in India: An Exploratory Study

  • Aakash Gupta Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences, Sushant University, Gurugram
  • Ashish Sharma Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences, Sushant University, Gurugram
  • Chandragouda R Patil Department of Pharmacology, RC Patel Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Shirpur, Maharashtra
  • Vinod Sharma National Heart Institute, New Delhi.
  • Neeraj Mittal Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
  • Sushma Devi Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Punjab, India.
Keywords: Economic Burden, COVID-19, Direct Medical Cost, Comorbidities


Introduction: COVID-19’s economic impact is crucial for adding merits to the policymaking process. This study was designed to evaluate the economic burden (direct medical cost) on COVID-19 patients and compare the treatment cost of patients with and without comorbidities at a tertiary hospital, as well as assess the prevalence of comorbidities associated with COVID-19 patients.

Methods: The analysis was retrospectively conducted at National Heart Institute, New Delhi between June 1, 2020 and November 30, 2020. The study included diagnosed COVID-19 patients who were admitted to the hospital during these 6 months. The patient’s demographics, hospitalisation characteristics, and coexisting medical conditions were all evaluated.

Results: The total direct medical costs were evaluated by cost factors. In this study, the demography of patients was recorded and found that out of 400 patients, 260 (65%) were male and 140 (35%) were female. 294 patients had at least one pre-existing disease. Finally, 360 (90%) subjects recovered whereas, 40 (10%) died. The overall mean cost per COVID-19 treatment episode was found to be INR 264,703.

Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrated that the disease’s severe condition resulted in an exceptionally high cost of illness.

How to cite this article:
Gupta A, Sharma A, Patil CR, Sharma V, Mittal N, Devi S. Health Economic Burden of COVID-19 and its Comorbidities in India: An Exploratory Study. J Commun Dis. 2023;55(2):91-96.



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