Identification of Toxoplasmosis in Women by Serology in the Baghdad Province, Iraq

  • Ali Abdulhussain Fadhil College of Medical Technology, Medical Lab Techniques, Al-Farahidi University, Iraq
  • Ghazi Mohamad Ramadan College of MLT, Ahl Al Bayt University, Kerbala, Iraq.
  • Nuha Abdulrazaq Hameed Department of Optical Techniques, AlNoor University College, Nineveh, Iraq.
  • Zainab HJ Alhassona College of Pharmacy, Al-Ayen University, Thi-Qar, Iraq.
  • Haitham Bashar Qasim Department of Medical Engineering, Al-Esraa University College, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Nisreen Yasir Jasim Nasir National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq.
  • Mohammad J Al-Jassani Department of Forensic Science, College of Science, Al-Karkh University of Science, Iraq.
Keywords: Toxoplasma, Percentages, Serology, Baghdad, Women


Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic zoonoses around the world. It is caused by Toxoplasma gondii. This study aimed to detect the prevalence of toxoplasma in women in Baghdad province.

Method: One hundred and five blood samples were taken from women who had abortions or were at risk of abortion and were admitted to the clinic in the province of Baghdad during the period of 2021-2022.
In accordance with the protocol, the blood samples were examined for T. gondii IgM and IgG using the ELISA method (Biotech, USA), with the latex agglutination test (LAT) serving as a screening test. Using sterile,
disposable hypodermic traveler needles and tubes, patients’ arms were used to collect around 3 ccs of venous blood samples. The serum was obtained by centrifuging obtained venous blood at 14,000 rpm for 20
minutes; it was then stored at 80 °C. All the necessary variables for analysis were included in the questionnaire that was created for data collection.

Results: The seropositivity of women who had undergone an abortion caused by T. gondii was 44.8% when using LAT, as opposed to 6.7% and 24.8% when using ELISA to detect T. gondii IgM and IgG, respectively.
The proportion of patients who had previously had two abortions was significantly higher (55.3%). In contrast, only 31 out of 47 individuals (66%) tested positive during the winter-spring season, compared to 16
(34%) during the summer-autumn period.

Conclusion: The percentage of toxoplasmosis in Baghdad among women who had undergone two abortions was significantly high, and the infections occurred mostly during the winter-spring season.

How to cite this article:
Fadhil AA, Ramadan GM, Hameed NA, Alhassona ZHJ, Qasim HB, Nasir NYJ, Al-Jassani MJ. Identification of Toxoplasmosis in Women by Serology in the Baghdad Province, Iraq. J Commun Dis. 2023;55(2):72-75.



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