Knowledge, Perception, and Behaviour Concerning Impact of Climate Variability on Health: A Cross-sectional Study in the Tribal-dominated Kalahandi District of Odisha, India

  • Martand Mani Mishra Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Netrananda Sahu Department of Economics, Fakir Mohan University, Balasore, Odisha, India.
  • Gayatri Mallick Department of Economics, Fakir Mohan University, Balasore, Odisha, India.
  • Pani, Balaram Department of Chemistry (Environmental Science), Bhaskarcharya College of Applied Science, University of Delhi , Delhi, India.
Keywords: Kalahandi, Climate Change/ Variability, Human Health, Knowledge, Perception, Behaviour


Background: Kalahandi district of Odisha is a well-known place on the world map for its poverty, starvation, diseases, and deaths. The population of the district is dominated by the tribals and marginalised schedule caste population. Combing all these factors, this district has become one of the most sensitive and vulnerable districts of the country concerning climatic variability and human health.

Objective: The objectives of this study were to explore the knowledge and perception of people from 13 blocks of Kalahandi towards climate change/ variability and its relationship with human health, its footprints, and coping strategies available to them.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire was carried out among the respondents from 13 blocks. A total of 208 respondents were selected through a simple random sampling method through convenience sampling.

Result: The majority of the respondents (86%) were not aware of the terms like climate change/ variability and belonged to the vulnerable class (44% ST and 20% SC) of the society. Most of them agreed to the fact that there are changes in all three (summer, monsoon, and winter) seasons of a year. The most significant finding of the survey is the increase in the “diseases of affluence†in a tribal-dominated district. An increase in hypertension, diabetes, joint pain, and skin diseases in the last 10 to 15 years was mentioned by 41%, 32%, 28%, and 24% of participants respectively

Conclusion: The study will be very helpful in comprehending the ground realities of their understanding of climate variations and the impact on health, and further aid in better policy formations.

How to cite this article:
Mishra MM, Sahu N, Mallick G, Pani B. Knowledge, Perception, and Behaviour Concerning Impact of Climate Variability on Health: A Cross-sectional Study in the Tribal-dominated Kalahandi District of Odisha, India. J Commun Dis. 2022;54(2):39-48.


Author Biographies

Martand Mani Mishra, Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Ph.D Scholar (Senior Research Fellow)

Pani, Balaram, Department of Chemistry (Environmental Science), Bhaskarcharya College of Applied Science, University of Delhi , Delhi, India.

Professor and Dean of Colleges

University of Delhi, Delhi- 110007



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