Prevention and Control of COVID-19 in Indian Perspective

  • Sujeet Kumar Singh National Centre for Disease Control, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, 22 Sham Nath Marg, Delhi, India.
  • SK Jain National Centre for Disease Control, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, 22 Sham Nath Marg, Delhi, India.
  • SN Sharma National Centre for Disease Control, Dte. General of Health Services, Government of India, 22-Sham Nath Marg, Delhi, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8569-1661
Keywords: COVID-19, 2019-nCoV, Virus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus

Abstract

The COVID-19 was first identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China beginning in December 2019 resulting in high morbidity and mortality. This epidemic had spread to almost all the countries of the globe with 202 countries affected with corona virus reporting 722401 cases and 34007 deaths (till 29.3.2020). A total of 159,102 have been reported as recovered. The World Health Organization declared it as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The Medical fraternity is struggling hard to gather latest updates and better understanding of the epidemiology, causes, clinical diagnosis, prevention and control of this virus. Studies thus far have shown origination in connection to a seafood market in Wuhan, but specific animal association has not been confirmed. The reported symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, pneumonia, headache, diarrhea, hemoptysis, and dyspnea. Preventive measures such as masks, hand hygiene practices, avoidance of public contact, case detection, contact tracing and quarantines are effective for reducing the transmission. There is no specific treatment or vaccine which has been proven quite effective. Therefore, infected people are primarily given symptomatic treatment and supportive care with proper isolation and quarantine. Such public health emergencies in the form of pandemic need to be managed with strict social distancing and not allowing Stage 3, which is community transmission. Proper planning of infra-structure, resources, capacity building need be in places under such crucial period to avoid the chances of transmission and mortality.

How to cite this article:
Singh SK, Jain SK, Sharma SN. Prevention and Control of COVID-19 in Indian Perspective. Epidem Int 2020; 5(1): 32-38.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2455.7048.202007

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Published
2020-04-09

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