Case Study on Somatic Symptoms in AdolescentsThe Pain Puzzle

  • Anuradha Mahadevan M.Sc, M.Phil (Clinical Psychology), Research Scholar, Department of Psychology, Govt. Arts College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0017-2155
  • Dr. T. Veeramani Associate Professor & Controller of Examination, Govt. Arts College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Keywords: Anxiety, Somatic Symptoms, Pain, Stress, Adolescents, CBT

Abstract

Somatic symptoms in adolescents can lead to debilitating impact on
their academic and social functioning. It could be a manifestation of
anxiety and way of responding to a situation which is perceived as a
threat. Unnecessary invasive medical interventions cause more agony
to the adolescent. Somatic symptoms in adolescents are one area of
research and most misdiagnosed with more common mental disorders
with similar symptoms. Early recognition of such disorders can save years
of pain, suffering, and cost. Clinical evaluation revealed that the majority
of adolescents manifested extremely variable school performance,
disruptive behavior, trance, mood swings, and depression. Recent
research is identifying a number of factors linking to this and its hidden
behind. This paper aims to have a better understanding of somatic
symptoms in adolescents and its impact on their academic, personal,
social functioning. Discussions are made regarding management plans,
and therapeutic techniques that have helped these adolescents to attain
their functionality and helping them cope with the same.

References

Bernstein GA. (1991). Comorbidity and severity of

anxiety and depressive disorders in a clinic sample. J Am

Acad Child Adolesc Psy. 1991;30(1):43-50. [PubMed]

[Google Scholar]

Campo JV, Comer DM, Jansen-McWilliams L, Gardner

W, Kelleher KJ. Recurrent pain, emotional distress, and

health service use in childhood. J Pediatr. 2002;141:76-

[PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Bohman H, Låftman SB, Cleland N, Lundberg M, Päären

A, Jonsson U. Somatic symptoms in adolescence as a

predictor of severe mental illness in adulthood: a longterm community-based follow-up study. Child Adolesc

Psychiatry Ment Health. 2018;12(1):1-12. [PubMed]

[Google Scholar]

Romero-Acosta K, Canals J, Hernández-Martínez C,

Penelo E, Zolog TC, Domènech-Llaberia E. Age and

gender differences of somatic symptoms in children

and adolescents. J Ment Health. 2013;22(1):33-41.

[PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Steinbrecher N, Koerber S, Frieser D, Hiller W. The

prevalence of medically unexplained symptoms in

primary care. Psychosomatics. 2011;52(3):263-271.

[PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Saps M, Seshadri R, Sztainberg M, Schaffer G, Marshall

BM, Di Lorenzo C. A prospective school-based study of

abdominal pain and other common somatic complaints

in children. J Pediatr. 2009;154:322-326. [PubMed]

[Google Scholar]

Konichezky A, Gothelf D. Somatoform disorders

in children and adolescents. Harefuah. 2011

Feb;150(2):180-4, 203. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Dubois-Comtois K, Cyr C, Pascuzzo K, Lessard M, Poulin

C. Attachment theory in clinical work with adolescents.

J Child Adolesc Behav. 2013;1:111. doi:10.4172/2375-

1000111. [Google Scholar]

Published
2022-02-01