Assessment of Dietary Pattern of People Living in a Rural Area of Bihar

  • Mayank Rahul Assistant Professor, Dept. of Community Medicine, SAMC & PGI, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Sonia Tiwari Associate Professor, Dept. of Community Medicine, SAMC & PGI, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Keywords: Dietary Pattern, Cereal Intake, Nutrients


Introduction: There is a trend of declining cereal intake particularly coarse cereals and really low increase of consumption of other food items within the rural diet, which has often been explained as an expected outcome of economic growth.

Aims & Objectives: 1). To observe the dietary pattern of different food items and their timely consumption. 2). To assess the consumption and practices of daily food items used in kitchen.

Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study done in Nathnagar areas (Bihar) in the month of March, 2017 with the help of pre-tested semi structured questionnaire amongst the rural population. Total 154 subjects were interviewed in one-month period.

Result: maximum participants 51 (33.11%) belong to 22-27 years of age group and majority of the population were literate. It was also found that 127 (82.46%) of participants consume green vegetables daily and daily consumption of beverages such as tea and coffee were seen common to 152 (98.7%) participants. Iodized Salt intake consumption was seen in majority 151 (98%). Washing practices of cereals, at least two times a day was seen in 94 (61%) participant and it was also observed that 123 (79.87%) participants practiced washing of vegetables before cutting.

Conclusion: Most of them where vegetarian by diet. As of education part all most all the participants were from the literate groups which depicts a good overview of society regarding studies. Many of them were aware of their consumption of food and its pattern, still few were lagging. Overall, everyone had different pattern of food habit and it shows that much work has to be done in the field of health dimension with the help of education and motivation and through implementation of healthy life style behaviour in terms of nutrition and its monitoring from time to time.

How to cite this article:
Rahul M, Tiwari S. Assessment of Dietary Pattern of People Living in a Rural Area of Bihar. Int J Preven Curat Comm Med 2020; 6(3): 17-20.



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