Prevalence of Tobacco use and Nicotine Dependence in a Selected Rural Community of West Bengal India (2021)
Introduction: From traditional plant-based drugs such as cannabis, cocaine, and heroin to synthetic drugs such as tramadol, consumption of narcotic substances in India has increased manifold in recent years, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study, illicit drugs are estimated to have killed nearly 7.5 lakh people worldwide in 2017 alone. The estimated number of lives lost in India was 22,000. In India, tobacco consumption is responsible for half of all cancers in men and a quarter of all cancers in women, in addition to being a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and COPD.
Materials & Methods: A non-experimental cross-sectional descriptive research design was adopted. Following ethical clearance data was collected using from 50 participants selected using non-probability purposive sampling, >15 years of age, able to comprehend and respond in Hindi/ English/ Bengali.
Results: Among 240 individuals the overall prevalence of tobacco use was found to be 12.9%. The Majority of tobacco users were above 45 years of age, the mean age of tobacco users was found to be 53.74
years. The pattern of tobacco use revealed that the most common form of tobacco use is chewing tobacco leaves 64.5% followed by beedi 25.80% & cigarettes 9.67%. The mean age of initiation of tobacco
use was 21.1 years and the majority of them initiated tobacco use before 20 years of age & the mean duration of use was 30.94 years. The Nicotine dependency was assessed using the Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence (both for smoked and smokeless forms).
Discussion: Tobacco consumption is widespread in India. Tobacco consumption among different ages is a matter of worldwide concern. Efforts from governmental and non-governmental organizations
should be carried out to address the issue of nicotine dependence and there is a need to make efforts in research, planning, designing and implementation of need-based interventions.
How to cite this article:
Dixit P, Ajinas AM. Prevalence of Tobacco Use and Nicotine Dependence in a Selected Rural Community of West Bengal India (2021). Int J Preven Curat Comm Med. 2023;9(1):1-4.
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