Tobacco use among workers in a Foundry unit of North Karnataka

  • Amaresh P Patil Research Officer, Women’s & Children’s Health Research Unit, JN Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research (KAHER), Belgaum, Karnataka, India.
  • Ruchika Kuba School of Health Sciences, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi, India.
Keywords: Foundry workers, GATS, Tobacco, Smokeless tobacco


Background: Foundry workers are the backbone of many industries.Workers are exposed to metal dust, metal fumes, various products of combustion, chemical products relating to resin compounds, and physical factors such as noise, vibration, and high temperature. In addition to these factors, the use of tobacco, especially smoking, may aggravate health hazards, mainly respiratory morbidities.
Objective: To know the prevalence of tobacco use among workers in a foundry unit of North Karnataka.
Method: It was a cross-sectional study conducted among 300 workers of a foundry unit in North Karnataka from July to September 2019. Every second worker from the attendance register was selected for the study. The questionnaire was adopted from Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Data were collected by personal interview after informed consent. Data were analysed through descriptive statistics and Chisquare test. The study was approved by Institutional Ethics Committee.
Results: The mean age of participants was 38.73 ± 10.13 years. The prevalence of tobacco use in any form was found to be 42.66%. The smokeless form was predominant. Tobacco use was significantly associated with years in present occupation and night shifts.
Conclusion: The prevalence of tobacco use among workers of a foundry unit was high which calls for immediate focused interventions.

How to cite this article: Patil AP, Kuba R. Tobacco Use among Workers in a Foundry Unit of North Karnataka. Int J Preven Curat Comm Med. 2022;8(1):1-7.



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