Marital Satisfaction and Marital Coping Style adopted by Working and Non-working Pregnant Women attending Antenatal Outpatient Department in Sikkim

  • Barkha Devi Associate Professor, Sikkim Manipal College of Nursing, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.
  • Nazung Lepcha Assistant Lecturer, Sikkim Manipal College of Nursing, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.
  • Prerna Karki Assistant Professor, Sikkim Manipal College of Nursing, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.
Keywords: Marital Satisfaction, Marital Coping Style, Pregnant Women, Working Women, Non-Working Women


Background & Aim: Being healthy in the period of pregnancy is crucial
for women in the workplace. So it is important to pay attention to the
safety and health of working pregnant women there. Marital satisfaction
is one of the main characteristics of psychological health and one of the
factors which can affect it, is occupation. The aim of this study was to
compare marital satisfaction and marital coping style between working
and non-working pregnant women.
Material & Method: This is a descriptive comparative study with a sample
size of 240 working and non-working pregnant women selected through
purposive sampling technique and attending antenatal outpatient
departments of government and private hospitals. Data were collected
through Enrich marital satisfaction scale and Bowman marital coping
Results: The marital satisfaction for working pregnant women was
165.1317.49 (government hospital) and 173.03 whereas for nonworking
it was 164.3815.91 and 169.7613 in government and private
hospitals and the difference between the two groups was not statistically
significant (p > 0.05). Statistically significant differences were noted
among the working and non-working pregnant women in terms of
adopting coping style in the government hospital (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Results of this study show that working had positive effects
on marital satisfaction and the decline in marital satisfaction of pregnant
non-working women is due to low educational qualification of self and
spouse and low family monthly income. Thus, marital counselling, as an
important part of prenatal care, would be an effective step to enhance
the mental health of pregnant women, and is hence recommended.


How to cite this article:
Lepcha N, Devi B, Karki P. Marital Satisfaction
and Marital Coping Style adopted by Working
and Non-working Pregnant Women attending
Antenatal Outpatient Department in Sikkim. Int
J Nurs Midwif Res. 2021;8(1):22-30.


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