Causes of Maternal Mortality Rate: Postpartum Haemorrhage - A Major Cause in Madhya Pradesh
Maternal mortality is an indicator of state of maternal health services, status of women, women's health, and above all developments of nation. India alone contributed 15% of global maternal deaths. Lifetime risk of maternal death in India is 1 in 220 as compared to 1 in 5800 in the UK. The major burden of maternal mortality is in the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states. As per recent SRS data, 2014–2016 Maternal mortality rate (MMR) was observed in Madhya Pradesh (MP) as 173. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide with a prevalence rate of approximately 6% and 50% is due to atonic PPH. According to WHO 2014- in India 45,000 maternal deaths take place annually and 20- 60% are due to postpartum hemorrhage.
How to cite this article:
Shrivastava P, Lawrence S. Causes of Maternal Mortality Rate: Postpartum Haemorrhage - A Major Cause in Madhya Pradesh. Int J Nurs Midwif Res. 2021;8(4):2-5.
Toppo M, Pal DK, Gour D, Melwani V, Khan A, Sethia S. Addressing maternal mortality in selected districts of Madhya Pradesh, India - a human rights-based approach. Indian J Community Med. 2019;44(2):138-41. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Singh P, John S. Determinants affecting infant and maternal mortality in Madhya Pradesh. Int J Health Sci Res. 2017;7(11):176-83.
Devi KP, Singh LR, Singh B, Singh MR, Singh NN.Postpartum haemorrhage and maternal deaths in NorthEast India. Open J Obstet Gynaecol. 2015;5(11):635-8. [Google Scholar]
Rani PR, Begum J. Recent advances in the managementof major postpartum haemorrhage - a review. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017;11(2):QE01-5.[PubMed] [Google Scholar]
The Times of India (2019). 23 December. http://Times of India. INDIATIMES.COM.
Afshan Y (2019). The Hindus. Bengaluru, Nov. 08. BENGALURU, COPY RIGHT PUBLICATION @202.
Jose J. Reducing maternal mortality in India: a four-pronged strategy; 2018.https://www.ideasforindia.in/topics/environment/reducing-maternal-mortality-in-india-a-four-pronged-strategy.html.
World Health Organization [Internet]. WHO recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage; 2012. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/75411/9789241548502_eng.pdf
UNFPA (2015). Standard guidelines for PPH.Reproductive, Maternal and Neonatal Health
Programme Department of Public Health and Ministry of Health.
Labour and delivery care module (2020). National Family & Maternal health division. Ministry of health and Family welfare Government of India. Maternal health division(2019). Ministry of health and Family welfare. Govt. of India. https://www.nhm.gov.in>programmes guidelines
Maternal health division(2019). Ministry of health and Family welfare. Govt. of India. https.://www.nhm.gov.in> programmes guidelines.
Available from: https:// nhm. gov. in/images/pdf/programmes/maternal-health/guidelines. sba_guidelines_for_skilled_attendance_at_birth.pdf. Labour and delivery care module (2020). National Family & Maternal health division. Ministry of health and Family welfare Government of India.
Ramdurga U, Vidler M, Charanthimath U, Katageri G,Bellad M, Mallapur A, Goudar S, Bannale S, Karadiguddi C, Sawchuck D, Qureshi R, von Dadelszen P, Derman R. Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia(CLIP) India Feasibility Working Group. Community health worker knowledge and management of pre-eclampsia in rural Karnataka State, India. Reprod Health. 2016;13(Suppl2):113. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Lawrence S. Reduction of maternal mortality through information technology. Indian J Holistic Nurs. 2010;1(3).
Noordam AC, KuepperBM, Stekelenburg J,Milen A. Improvement of maternal health services through the use of mobile phones. Trop Med Int Health. 2011;16(5):622-6.
Khetrapal PS. WHO India has achieved ground-breaking success in reducing maternal mortality. Available from: https://www.who.int/southeastasia/news/detail/10-06-2018
Copyright (c) 2021 Pinki Shrivastava, Sunita Lawrence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.