Determinants of Family Planning Methods among Eligible Couples in Rural Area of Ludhiana, Punjab

  • Kavisha Kapoor Lal Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, CDC Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
  • Dhruvendra Lal Assistant Professor and CMO, Department of Community Medicine, CMC Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
  • Charanjit Singh Senior Resident, Department of Pedodontics, Desh Bhagat Dental College, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India.
Keywords: Family Planning, Contraceptives, Eligible Couples, Prevalence


Introduction: National Programme for Family Planning started in India
for the first time in 1952 and India was the first country in the world to
have come up with any such programme. But still, the problem persists
in some parts of India, especially the rural parts. India poses a great
challenge with over half of its population in the reproductive age group
with many who reside in rural parts (68.84 % of India’s population is
residing in villages).
Method: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study undertaken
in the rural area of Ludhiana, Punjab where all eligible couples were
included in this study after taking their verbal consent.
Results: Contraceptive use significantly differed among couples who only
had female child/ children and those who at least had one male child.
The study found that tubectomy is the main method of contraception.
It was found that the age of females at the time of marriage was
significantly lower in Scheduled Caste (SC) and Backward Class (BC)
families as compared to Non-scheduled Caste (NSC) ones.
Conclusion: The study found that the age of females, parity, and number
of female children determined the family planning practices.


How to cite this article:
Lal KK, Lal D, Singh C. Determinants of Family
Planning Methods among Eligible Couples in
Rural Area of Ludhiana, Punjab. Ind J Youth Adol
Health. 2021;8(4):1-7.


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