Factors Affecting the Tendency towards Addiction with an Emphasis on Aggression among Paramedical Students in Iran

  • Sedigheh Pakseresht Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics, Professor, Women Health Promotion, Community Health (PhD), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Merikh Rounaghi MSc in Nursing, Dr. Heshmat Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Arezoo Monfared PhD Nursing Student, Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Shahla Asiri Department of Nursing (PhD), Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Zahra Atrkarroshan Biostatics Associated Professor, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Pardis Rahmatpour Department of Nursing, PhD, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Keywords: Aggression, substance-related disorders, paramedical students


Background: Drug abuse has been dramatically increasing in recent
years among university students. Aggressive people are more inclined
to use drugs and become addicted.
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the factors affecting
the tendency towards addiction with an emphasis on aggression among
paramedical students.
Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 280
undergraduate students, selected through stratified random sampling,
at Guilan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Data were analysed by
using descriptive and analytical statistics.
Results: A total of 85.4% were little inclined towards addiction and
67.5% had a low level of aggression. The level of aggression correlated
significantly with the tendency towards addiction. Gender (male), field
of study (health), parents’ occupation, and history of drug abuse among
family and friends correlated significantly with the tendency towards
addiction too. Aggression was significantly correlated with the history
of drug abuse among family and friends and socialisation with addicts.
Conclusion: Aggression is considered a predictor of the tendency
towards addiction among university students. University counselling
centres should consider organising educational workshops to reduce
aggression and help prevent the students’ tendency towards drug
abuse and addiction.


How to cite this article:
Pakseresht S, Rounaghi M, Monfared A, Asiri
S, Atrkarroshan Z, Rahmatpour P. The Factors
Affecting the Tendency towards Addiction with
an Emphasis on Aggression among Paramedical
Students in Iran. Ind J Youth Adol Health.


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