A Study to Assess the Health Impact of Sutlej Floods in District Ludhiana

  • Dhruvendra Lal Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
  • Kavisha Kapoor Lal Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Christian Dental College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
Keywords: Disaster, Floods, Sutlej, Morbidity, Health Impact


Introduction: Disasters are never confined to any particular area, they
can occur anywhere and at any time. Data collected since 1969 show a
drastic increase in the number of people affected by them. More than
300 villages all over Punjab were affected by the flood in the Sutlej
river in September 2019.
Objective: To assess the health impact after floods in District Ludhiana.
Method: This is a cross-sectional project which was initiated by CMC &
H with the help of Civil Surgeon, Ludhiana to cater to the flood-affected
victims along the banks of river Sutlej covering a population of 4243
which included 10 villages. The whole population living along the
river was screened and health services with preventive and curative
measures, including health education were provided to the victims
from 23rd August to 3rd September 2019. Cases were divided as per
the post-emergency syndromic disease surveillance format of WHO.
Results: A total of 4243 people were covered over a period of 12 days.
It was found that almost 26% of the victims were suffering from skin
diseases post-flood followed by fever (20%). More than 2000 chlorine
tablets were also distributed.
Conclusion: 33.5% of the population was impacted. It is recommended
that the focus should be on disaster preparedness. Under 5 children
were most commonly affected by fever and skin infections. Special
signals like fog horns should be used and people should be made aware
of such signals.


How to cite this article:
Lal D, Lal KK. A Study to Assess the Health Impact
of Sutlej Floods in District Ludhiana. Epidem Int.


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