Prevention of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: Knowledge and Practice of Ventilator Care Bundle among ICU Nurses of Tertiary Care Hospitals of Jodhpur, Rajasthan

  • Raghvendra Singh Nursing Tutor, Dr Tondon Nursing College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Yashawant Sharma Nursing Tutor, Cambridge College of Nursing, Barmer, Rajasthan, India.
  • Manmohan Staff Nurse, P.H.C Dumra, Sitamarhi, Bihar, India.
  • Murlidhar Sharma HOD, Medical Surgical Nursing, Govt. College of Nursing, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
  • Yashawant Ramawat Senior Nursing Officer, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
Keywords: Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, Practice and Knowledge, Ventilator Care Bundle, ICU Nurses


Introduction: Hospital-acquired pneumonia, particularly ventilatorassociated
pneumonia (VAP), is a major public health concern in
Asia. ICU nurses play a crucial role in preventing VAP and need to be
knowledgeable about evidence-based practices to improve patient
outcomes. Understanding nurses’ knowledge and practices is vital for
enhancing their adherence to VAP prevention guidelines.
Methods: The study used a descriptive cross-sectional design and
was carried out in various ICUs of a tertiary care hospital in Jodhpur.
A total of 120 ICU nurses were enrolled in the study. A structured
questionnaire was used to evaluate the knowledge and practice of
nurses related to VAP prevention. The data were analysed using the
SPSS software. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used
for inferential analysis.
Results: The study found that 60% of the nurses had moderately adequate
knowledge about VAP prophylaxis. As for the practice scores, 67% of
nurses had moderately good practice related to VAP prevention. A
positive correlation was observed between knowledge and practice
scores. However, there was no significant association of practice and
knowledge scores with age, gender, or professional qualification.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the ICU nurses’ knowledge as
well as practice regarding VAP prevention were above average. The
result of the study highlights the need for continuous education as
well as training programmes to enhance nurses’ knowledge as well as
adherence to evidence-based VAP prevention guidelines.

How to cite this article:
Singh R, Sharma Y, Manmohan, Sharma M,
Ramawat Y. Prevention of Ventilator-associated
Pneumonia: Knowledge and Practice of Ventilator
Care Bundle among ICU Nurses of Tertiary Care
Hospitals of Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Chettinad Health
City Med J. 2023;12(4):96-102.



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