Effectiveness of Capsular Stretching and Strengthening of Shoulder on Back Pain among Recreational Volleyball Players
Background: Athletes that frequently perform overhead movements
acquire shoulder capsule tightness, and the players can make up for
this lack of range of motion by rotating the back more, using their back
muscles to strike a smash. Shoulder capsule tightness and back pain
are thus indirectly related. Back pain results from their back muscles
being overused. The current study assesses how a 3-week stretching
and strengthening protocol helps recreational volleyball players with
Objective: The present study was done to find the effectiveness of
capsular stretching and shoulder strengthening on back pain among
recreational volleyball players.
Methodology: A sample size of 30 players was calculated. Data were
obtained at the beginning and end of the 3-week exercise session using
resistance bands and stretching techniques.
Results: Of the 30 individuals, 27 (97%) experienced a significant
decrease in their numerical rating scale (NRS) score for back pain,
with a pre-mean score of 7.06 ± 1.25 and a post-mean score of 5.70 ±
1.14. The stretching protocol significantly increased the glenohumeral
internal rotation range of motion for all 30 individuals, with pre-test and
post-test mean values of 49.26 ± 5.32 and 71.20 ± 4.31, respectively.
Capsular stretching and strengthening of the shoulder were found to
be effective on back pain among recreational volleyball players.
Conclusion: Based on the analysis of the results obtained, the present
study concluded that stretching and strengthening of the shoulder
were effective on back pain among recreational volleyball players.
How to cite this article:
Chougale PB, Patil P. Effectiveness of Capsular
Stretching and Strengthening of Shoulder on
Back Pain among Recreational Volleyball Players.
Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(3):50-55.
Wang HK, Cochrane T. A descriptive epidemiological study of shoulder injury in top level English male volleyball players. Int J Sports Med. 2001 Feb;22(2):159-63. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Challoumas D, Stavrou A, Dimitrakakis G. The volleyball athlete’s shoulder: biomechanical adaptations and injury associations. Sports Biomech. 2017 Jun;16(2):220-37. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Miura K, Tsuda E, Ishibashi Y. Glenohumeral rotational deficit and suprascapular neuropathy in the hitting shoulder in male collegiate volleyball players. Prog Rehabil Med. 2019 Jan 12;4:20190002. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Rose MB, Noonan T. Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit in throwing athletes: current perspectives. Open Access J Sports Med. 2018 Mar 19;9:69-78. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Fett D, Trompeter K, Platen P. Prevalence of back pain in a group of elite athletes exposed to repetitive overhead activity. PLoS One. 2019 Jan 24;14(1):e0210429. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Mueller S, Mueller J, Stoll J, Prieske O, Cassel M, Mayer F. Incidence of back pain in adolescent athletes: a prospective study. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2016 Dec 7;8:38. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Mizoguchi Y, Akasaka K, Otsudo T, Hall T. Factors associated with low back pain in elite high school volleyball players. J Phys Ther Sci. 2019 Aug;31(8):675-81. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]