Magnitude and Burden of Deliberate Self-harm (Poisoning) Cases in SKIMS Soura - A Prospective Study in A Tertiary Care Hospital
Introduction: Some of the drugs, like benzodiazepine, tricyclic
antidepressants, etc. that are used on a daily basis for the treatment
of various diseases become poisonous only when they are used in higher
concentrations or in bulk quantities deliberately in order to induce some
other effect for which the drug is not actually prescribed or advised.
Methods: The main aim of this study was to get an estimate of the
magnitude and burden of poisoning cases in SKIMS Soura (a tertiary
care hospital in Jammu and Kashmir). A prospective study was done
using a quantitative research approach in the year 2019–2020. Purposive
sampling was done. The sample size was calculated to be 40.
Results: The results of the present study depicted that 45% of
participants were male and 55% were female. The maximum number
of subjects (37.5%) belonged to the age group of 21–30 years. A history
of depression/ suicidal tendencies was seen in 37.5% of subjects. The
study revealed that 65% of study subjects had consumed OP compounds.
The majority (65%) of the study subjects received PAM as an antidote
for poisoning. Most (36) of the subjects complained of abdominal pain
and it was found that 72.5% of the study subjects had consumed poison
deliberately with the intention of suicide. Out of the total (40) study
subjects, only 2 (5%) deaths occurred, of which 1 was male and 1 was
female. The death percentage for male study subjects was 5.55% and
for females, the death percentage was less (4.54%).
Conclusion: The study concluded that females were more affected
than males though the mortality rate in males was more than that in
females. It was observed in the research that the 21–30 years of age
group was more affected and it came to the fore that students are
more affected by poisoning than any other group.
How to cite this article:
Dar MI, Amin N, Banday MS, Jan FA. Magnitude
and Burden of Deliberate Self-harm (Poisoning)
Cases in SKIMS Soura - A Prospective Study in
A Tertiary Care Hospital. Chettinad Health City
Med J. 2023;12(3):79-85.
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