An Update on Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease and Dietary Recommendations for Treatment and Prevention

  • KR Padma Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam (Women’s) University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • KR Don Reader, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER) Bharath University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • B Dinesh Assistant Professor, Department of Dental Surgery, Government Stanley Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India.
  • D Karthikeyan Senior Assistant Professor, Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Dental Surgery, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai, India.
  • M Vaishnavi Student, Department of Biotechnology, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visva Vidyalayam (Women’s) University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Keywords: Coronary Heart Disease, Idiopathic Cause, Autonomic Imbalance, Diet, Omega-3 Index, Therapy


Globally, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one cause of death
and disability. Knowing the CVD risk factors could provide crucial insights
into how to handle this major public health issue and comprehend its
genesis. Many clinical illnesses are linked to autonomic imbalance,
which is defined by an overactive sympathetic and an underactive
parasympathetic nervous system. Many hereditary and behavioural
variables influence the likelihood of getting coronary heart disease
(CHD). The CHD threat issues have an idiopathic origin, which suggests
that the illness may pass down through generations as a result of genetic
variance. Two further probable causes of CHD include autonomic
dysfunction and the Omega-3 Index. Although dietary modification is
a key component of CVD prevention, the implementation of nutrition
science in clinical practice is constrained due to a dearth of formal
education in the discipline. The precise elements of a heart-healthy
diet, scientifically supported dietary recommendations, the effect of
nutrition on the management and prevention of CVD risk factors are
all subjects covered in this article. Its objective is to update the body
of information on these emerging approaches (in vitro, translational,
animal, clinical) and to explain the rationale behind their possible use
in the treatment of CAD. These novel therapeutics have the potential to
successfully replace current therapeutic modalities. Our report provides
significant updates on the ongoing scientific and medical work being
done around the world.

How to cite this article:
Padma KR, Don KR, Dinesh B, Karthikeyan
D, Vaishnavi M. An Update on Risk Factors
for Coronary Heart Disease and Dietary
Recommendations for Treatment and Prevention.
Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(3):105-114.



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