A Case Series of Our Experiences with Rhinosporidiosis in a Tertiary Care Center

  • Priya K Professor, Department of ENT, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Raghvi A Junior Resident, Department of ENT, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India.
Keywords: Lesion, Larynx, Spore, Epistaxis, Cautery


Introduction: The cause of rhinosporidiosis, a chronic granulomatous
lesion, is a fungus called Rhinosporidium seeberi that belongs to the
phycomycete class of the Mesomycetozoea family. In most cases, it
primarily affects the nose and nasopharynx. Clinically, it appears as a
friable, irregular, reddish polypoidal mass with a history of recurrent
epistaxis. Typically, a diagnosis is reached after the histological analysis
of biopsy samples taken from polypoid lesions.
Methodology: The study was conducted at our institution’s Department
of Otorhinolaryngology on a total of 20 patients after receiving approval
from the Institutional Human Ethics Committee.
Results: Out of these 20 patients, 12 had nasal rhinosporidiosis, 4 had
lesions in the oropharynx, and 2 had lesions in the larynx and trachea.
Two of these patients had malignant rhinosporidiosis. The mass was
entirely excised via endoscopic sinus surgery, and the base was electrocauterised
to eliminate any potential of recurrence.
Conclusion: The benefit of this study was that a sizeable number of cases
with a variety of presentations were examined. This study showed that
early detection, prompt diagnosis, treatment, and a good follow-up
are necessary for treating rhinosporidiosis.

How to cite this article:
Priya K, Raghvi A. A Case Series of Our Experiences
with Rhinosporidiosis in a Tertiary Care Center.
Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(3):3-8.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2278.2044.202343


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