Diagnostic Manifestations (Istedlal wa Alamat) of Anaemia (Faqr al-Dam) in Ancient Unani Literature - A Review

  • Safder Husain Assistant Professor, Department of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib, Alfarooque Unani Tibbiya College, Indore, M.P., India.
  • Arish Mohammad Khan Sherwani Professor and HoD, Department of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib, National Institute of Unani Medicine. Kottigepalya, Magadi Main Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
  • Ashfaque Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Molejaat, SH Unani College, Burhanpur, M.P., India.
  • Chand Bibi Department of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Keywords: Anaemia (Faqr al-Dam), Aetiological factors (Asbāb), Clinical manifestation (Istedlal wa Alȧmȧt), Types (Aqsaam), Pathophysiology of anaemia, Prevention


Anaemia has a long history, as evidenced by 4,000-year-old bone samples from Thailand that showed advanced signs of the disease. Man has known the importance of iron in health and sickness since the dawn of humanity. Egyptians, Indians, Greeks, and Romans were among the first to use iron as a medicine. In the 17th century, iron was used to cure chlorosis (green disease), which was commonly caused by an iron deficiency. The molecule of haemoglobin requires iron to function properly. It is the most effective therapy for treating anaemia caused by a haemoglobin deficiency for over 2000 years. The aetiological factors (Asbāb), types (Aqsaam), pathophysiology, and clinical manifestation (Istedlal wa Alȧmȧt) of anaemia have been described in the Unani ancient literature which may be very useful for early diagnosis of anaemia. Data for this review article were collected from ancient Unani books and other manuscripts. It was found that there are several clinical manifestations (Istedlal wa Alȧmȧt) of Faqr al-Dam in ancient Unani literature that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of anaemia. This article may be quite helpful for the early diagnosis and treatment of anaemia through the Unani system of medicine.

How to cite this article:
Husain S, Sherwani AMK, Ahmad A, Bibi C. Diagnostic Manifestations (Istedlal wa Alamat) of Anaemia (Faqr al-Dam) in Ancient Unani Literature - A Review. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(1):84-87.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2278.2044.202313


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