Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice regarding Causes and Risk Factors among Diabetic and Hypertensive Individuals: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Maitry Manjrekar Faculty of Physiotherapy, Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth, Deemed to be University, Karad, India.
  • Trupti Yadav Faculty of Physiotherapy, Department of Oncology, Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth, Deemed to be University, Karad, India.
Keywords: Hypertension, Diabetes, Questionnaire, Cross-sectional Study


Background: Hypertension and diabetes are silent killer diseases. They have many causes and risk factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Maharashtra among 93 patients diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards these diseases. Responses were collected from participants by sending them Google Forms. The form included a KAP questionnaire for hypertension and diabetes. Sixteen questions were related to hypertension, out of which, six questions were based on knowledge, five questions related to attitude, and five questions were based on practice. Similarly, there were 20 questions for diabetes which included six questions related to knowledge, six related to attitude, and eight based on practice. 

Results: Knowledge about hypertension was 80% among the respondents, 57% had a positive attitude towards the disease, and 30% showed adequate practice to control the disease. Similarly, for diabetes, knowledge among the respondents was about 60.2%. 76% of respondents had a positive attitude towards its causes and risk factors, and 30% showed adequate practice to control it.

Conclusion: This KAP study revealed that people lack knowledge about lifestyle modification and appropriate counselling is necessary to improve the knowledge, attitude, and practice of people regarding diabetes and hypertension. 

How to cite this article:
Manjrekar M, Yadav T. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice regarding Causes and Risk Factors among
Diabetic and Hypertensive Individuals: A Cross-Sectional Study. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(2):88-93.



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