Effect of 10-week Yoga Intervention on Obesity on Working Male Professionals

  • Amit Kumar Research Scholar, Department of Yogic Science, Gurukula Kangri (Deemed to be University), Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India.
  • Udham Singh Assistant Professor, Department of Yogic Science, Gurukula Kangri (Deemed to be University), Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India.
Keywords: Yoga, Obesity, Working Male Professionals


Background: Yoga practices have been shown to be effective for obesity and its related anthropometric variables. Various kinds of research assessing the effectiveness of yoga practices on obesity are available. The present article measures the effect of 10 weeks of yoga practice including loosening exercises, yogasanas, pranayamas, kriyas, and surya namaskar among working male professionals suffering from obesity.
Materials and Methods: 75 males with ages varying between 35 and 55 years were screened for the study. Fifteen participants did not meet the inclusion criteria, and were thus excluded; therefore, 60 participants were selected for the study. The included adult males did not have any disease other than obesity. The participants of the yoga group received 10 weeks of yoga practice and the control group did not receive any intervention. Body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC) of the participants were calculated at baseline and after 10 weeks. Informed consent was obtained from each participant prior to participation. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee, Gurukula Kangri (Deemed to University).
Results: Results reported that anthropometric variables, BW, BMI, WC, and HC (p < 0.001) had a significant reduction in the yoga group. Comparison between the group showed significant differences in BW, BMI, and WC (p < 0.05) except HC after a 10-week period.
Conclusion: Present study suggests that a 10-week yoga intervention would be beneficial for working male professionals with an obesity level of one. The study has also a few implications in hospitals for patients as yoga therapy and yoga consultation.

How to cite this article:
Kumar A, Singh U. Effect of 10-week Yoga Intervention on Obesity on Working Male Professionals. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(1):32-38.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2278.2044.202306


Tian H, Xie H, Song G, Zhang H, Hu G. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among 2.6 million rural Chinese adults. Prev Med. 2009 Jan;48(1):59-63. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Chen Y, Peng Q, Yang Y, Zheng S, Wang Y, Lu W. The prevalence and increasing trends of overweight, general obesity, and abdominal obesity among Chinese adults: a repeated cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2019 Oct;19(1):1293. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Chopra SM, Misra A, Gulati S, Gupta R. Overweight, obesity and related non-communicable diseases in Asian Indian girls and women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jul;67(7):688-96. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Ahirwar R, Mondal PR. Prevalence of obesity in India: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2019 Jan-Feb;13(1):318-21. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Luhar S, Timaeus IM, Jones R, Cunnigham S, Patel SA, Kinra S, Clarke L, Houben R. Forecasting the prevalence of overweight and obesity in India to 2040. PLoS One. 2020 Feb;15(2):e0229438.[PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Kelly T, Yang W, Chen CS, Reynolds K, He J. Global burden of obesity in 2005 and projections to 2030. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Sep;32(9):1431-7. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Patel S, Kumar K. A study on the effect of yoga and diet-control on Body mass index and cholesterol level of the obese youth. Int J Sci Conscious. 2016;2(1):13-7. [Google Scholar]

Nautiyal R. Effect of surya namaskar on weight loss in obese persons. Int J Sci Conscious. 2016;2(1):1-5. [Google Scholar]

Jakhotia KA, Shimpi AP, Rairikar SA, Mhendale P, Hatekar R, Shyam A, Sancheti PK. Suryanamaskar: an equivalent approach towards management of physical fitness in obese females. Int J Yoga. 2015;8(1):27. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Seo DY, Lee S, Figueroa A, Kim HK, Baek YH, Kwak YS, Kim N, Choi TH, Rhee BD, Ko KS, Park BJ, Park SY, Han J. Yoga training improves metabolic parameters in obese boys. Korean J Physiol Pharmacol. 2012;16(3):175. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Rani S. Obesity and its control through yogic practices. Int J Phys Educ Sport Health. 2017;4(1):82-4. [Google Scholar]

Dhananjai S, Sadashiv, Rajjan K. Effect of yoga practice in the management of risk factors associated with obesity: a pilot study. Indian Streams Res J. 2011;1(8):1-4. [Google Scholar]

Khoshnaw DM, Ghadge AA. Yoga as a complementary therapy for metabolic syndrome: a narrative review. J Integr Med. 2021 Jan;19(1):6-12. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Sharma SK, Kala N, Telles S, Arya J, Balkrishna A. A comparison of the quality of life in obese persons based on experience of yoga practice. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2017 Jun;16:17-20. [Google Scholar]

Prasad PK, Kamakhya K. A study on the effect of hatha yogic practices on body weight of the human subjects. ACADEMICIA Int Multidisc Res J. 2013;3(2):257-61. [Google Scholar]

Nanthakumar C. Intervention of classical yoga in pediatric obesity- a case study. IOSR J Nurs Health Sci. 2016;5(1):34-43.

Ma WY, Yang CY, Shih SR, Hsieh HJ, Hung CS, Chiu FC, Lin MS, Liu PH, Hua CH, Hsein YC, Chuang LM, Lin JW, Wei JN, Li HY. Measurement of waist circumference: midabdominal or iliac crest? Diabetes Care. 2013 Jun;36(6):1660-6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Caballero B. Encyclopedia of human nutrition. Elsevier Ltd; 2005. [Google Scholar]

Shetty B, Shetty GB, Shantaram M, Manjunath NK. Impact of short term yoga on anthropometric measures, body composition and serum lipid profile in overweight and obese adults: a pilot study. Int J Res Med Sci. 2018 Sep;6(10):3315.

Bernstein AM, Bar J, Ehrman JP, Golubic M, Roizen MF. Yoga in the management of overweight and obesity. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2014 Jan;8(1):33-41. [Google Scholar]