Knowledge, Attitude and Misconception Regarding Organ Donation among General Population
Introduction: Transplanting organs and tissues has become a crucial component of healthcare worldwide. Therefore, it has become imperative to increase public awareness of and attitudes regarding organ donation.
Objectives: (i) To ascertain the general understanding of the public regarding organ donation, (ii) To determine how the general public feels about organ donation, (iii) To determine the widespread misconceptions that discourage people from volunteering for organ donation.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire survey was designed for 100 participants from the general population in Kerala. Results: Overall, 97% of study participants knew something about organ donation and 97% of people expressed support for organ donation. The majority of participants were aware of the laws governing organ donation and its procedure. This study highlights the significance of increasing public knowledge to remove barriers and disbeliefs that keep people from volunteering for organ donation.
Conclusion: Knowledge and misconception were found to be interrelated with the general public’s attitude towards their willingness to organ donation. Knowledge about the concept of brain death and transplant procedure may help in increasing the rate of willingness towards organ donation.
How to cite this article:
Jose N, Joseph JK, Sebastian S. Knowledge, Attitude and Misconception Regarding Organ Donation among General Population. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2023;12(2):83-87.
Health Resources & Services Administration [Internet]. Organ Donation Statistics; 2022 [cited 2021 May 30]. Available from: https://www.organdonor.gov/learn/organ-donation-statistics
Government of India [Internet]. The Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994. Act no. 42 of 1994; 2016 [cited 2021 Jan 24]. Available from: http://main.mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/Act%201994.pdf
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare [Internet]. National Organ Transplant Programme; [cited 2021 Jan 24]. Available from: https://dghs.gov.in/content/1353_3_NationalOrganTransplantProgramme.aspx
Shimazono Y. The state of the international organ trade: a provisional picture based on integration of available information. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85(12):955-62. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Sucharitha T, Siriki R, Dugyala RR, Mullai, Priyadarshini, Kavya, Roshini. Organ donation: awareness, attitudes and beliefs among undergraduate medical students in South India. Natl J Res Community Med. 2013;2(2).
Saha M, Hadiuzzaman KM, Faroque MO, Alam KS, Haque MA, Paul BK. Awareness about organ donation among school girls. Mymensingh Med J [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2016 Jul 1];20(2):287-91. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21522102 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Guleria K, Singh AK, Kumar B, Agrawal P, Agrawal S. Trends of organ donation and awareness in Ernakulam, Kerala. BMC Proc. 2012;6(Suppl 4):P48. [Google Scholar]
Almohsen SS, Alobaishy SM, Alghammas NI, Albulayhi SK, Alrashid SM, Aljamal RY, Alotaibi MM, Dandash K. Attitudes and beliefs on organ donation among students in a university in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2016;37(5):591. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Shah R, Patel A, Ramanuj V, Solanki N. Knowledge and attitudes about organ donation among commerce college students. Natl J Community Med. 2015;6(4):533-7. [Google Scholar]
Mikla M, Rios A, Lopez-Navas A, Klimaszewska K, Krajewska-Kulak E, Martinez-Alarcon L, Ramis G, Ramirez P, Montesinos MJ. Organ donation: what are the opinions of nursing students at the University of Bialystok in Poland? Transplant Proc. 2016;48(7):2482-4. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Adithyan GS, Mariappan M, Nayana KB. A study on knowledge and attitude about organ donation among medical students in Kerala. Indian J Transplant. 2017;11:133-7. [Google Scholar]