Effectiveness of Myofascial Release Technique and Muscle Energy Technique on Pain and Physical Function among Smartphone Users with Trapezitis
Introduction: Trapezitis is the most common musculoskeletal disorder caused by the inflammation of the trapezius muscle which leads to muscle spasms and pain in the neck. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among smartphone users ranges from 1% to 67.8%. The prevalence of neck pain in young adults among smartphone users in the past 12 months was 47.4%. Smartphone usage for prolonged periods of time causes repetitive strain of muscles. Physiotherapists utilise a wide range of interventions in the management of trapezitis including myofascial release technique and muscle energy technique. The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of myofascial release technique and muscle energy technique on pain and physical function among smartphone users with trapezitis.
Methodology: 60 subjects were selected for the study and were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Each group had 30 subjects within the age group of 18-25 years. Group A was given myofascial release technique along with cryotherapy and Group B was given muscle energy technique with cryotherapy. The parameters of the study included: Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) scale pre-test and post-test comparison done between the groups.
Results: Approximate descriptive statistics and interferential statistics along with the graphical methods were used. Both pre-test and post-test measures were analysed statistically using t-test to test the effectiveness of each technique. P value between the group NPRS and NDI (p < 0.0001) shows significance in the subjects.
Conclusion: It was concluded that muscle energy technique was better than myofascial release technique among smartphone users with trapezitis.
How to cite this article:
Gayatri K, P Senthil, S Swathi, Neelam NS, Nainar M, Haribabu L. Effectiveness of Myofascial Release Technique and Muscle Energy Technique on Pain and Physical Function among Smartphone Users with Trapezitis. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2022;11(4):37-41.
Rather MK, Rather SA. Impact of smartphones on young generation. Lib Phil Prac. 2019;2384. [Google Scholar]
Rohini T, Gopal CN. Effects of excessive smartphone usage on emotional regulation and sleep quality among young adults. Ann Roman Soc Cell Biol. 2021;25(4):3682-8. [Google Scholar]
Mathew KV, Walarine MT. Neck pain among smartphone users an imminent public health issue during the pandemic time. J Ideas Health [Internet]. 2020 Sep 29 [cited 2022 Aug 5];3(Special1):201-4. Available from: https://www.jidhealth.com/index.php/jidhealth/article/view/65
Choksi K, Chauhan S, Jaria S, Kazi R, Agrawal A. Effect of deep transverse friction massage and ischemic compression in trapezitis a randomized controlled trial. Indian J Physiother Occup Ther. 2021;15(1). [Google Scholar]
Mishra N, Mishra A, Patel Y, Bidija M. Effectiveness of muscle energy technique versus myofascial release technique among patients with upper trapezitis-a comparative study. Int J Recent Sci Res. 2018;9(2):23994-7.
Rebetha S, Vaishnavi R, Jayaraj CR, Rao GD, Manjula TR. Assessment of the level of awareness on negative impact on playing mobile games among high school students in selected Higher Secondary School, Kanchipuram District, Tamilnadu. Indian J Public Health Res Dev. 2020;1;11(3):558-61. [Google Scholar]
Kumaresan A, Deepthi G, Anandh V, Prathap S. Effectiveness of positional release therapy in treatment of trapezitis. Int J Pharm Sci Health Care. 2012;1(2):71-81.
Alfred JA, Sulaiman FA. Radiological evaluation of pediatric neck masses. European Congress of Radiology-ECR. 2018. [Google Scholar]
Firdous S, Mehta Z, Fernandez C, Behm B, Davis M. A comparison of Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in patients with chronic cancer-associated pain. J Clin Oncol. 2017;35(31). [Google Scholar]
Sobhani V, Shamsoddini A, Khatibi-Aghda A, Mazloum V, Kia HH, Meybodi ME. Effectiveness of dry needling, manual therapy, and kinesio taping (R) for patients with chronic myofascial neck pain a single-blind clinical trial. Trauma Monthly. 2017;22(6):8. [Google Scholar]
Mishra D, Prakash RH, Mehta J, Dhaduk A. Comparative study of active release technique and myofascial release technique in treatment of patients with upper trapezius spasm. J Clin Diagn Res. 2018;1;12(11):1-4. [Google Scholar]
Kumar GY, Sneha P, Sivajyothi N. Effectiveness of muscle energy technique, ischaemic compression and strain counterstrain on upper trapezius trigger points a comparative study. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health. 2015;1(3):22-6. [Google Scholar]
Ajimsha MS, Al-Mudahka NR, Al-Madzhar JA. Effectiveness of myofascial release: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2015;1;19(1):102-12. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Fryer G, Pearce AJ. The effect of muscle energy technique on corticospinal and spinal reflex excitability in asymptomatic participants. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2013;1;17(4):440-7. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
McPartland JM. The endocannabinoid system an osteopathic perspective. J Osteopath Med. 2008; 1;108(10):586-600. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Parravicini G, Bergna A. Biological effects of direct and indirect manipulation of the fascial system. Narrative review. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017;1;21(2):435-45. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]