Obesity Epidemiology: A Serious Public Health Concern in India

  • Bhanumati Sarkar Department of Botany, Acharya Prafulla Chandra College, New Barrackpore, West Bengal, India.
  • Paramita Biswas Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India.
  • Chandan Kumar Acharya Department of Botany, Bajkul Milani Mahavidyalaya, Kismat Bajkul, West Bengal, India.
  • Sandip Kumar Jana Department of Zoology, Bajkul Milani Mahavidyalaya, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India.
  • Nasrin Nahar Department of Zoology, Acharya Prafulla Chandra College, New Barrackpore, West Bengal, India.
  • Souparna Ghosh Department of Zoology, Acharya Prafulla Chandra College, New Barrackpore, West Bengal, India.
  • Dipayan Dasgupta Department of Computer Science and Engineering, BP Poddar Institute of Management and Technology, West Bengal, India.
  • Sudipta Kumar Ghorai Department of Zoology, Egra SSB College, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India.
  • Nithar Ranjan Madhu Department of Zoology, Acharya Prafulla Chandra College, New Barrackpore, West Bengal, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-5048
Keywords: Public Health, India, Nutritional Status, Obesity, Overweight

Abstract

Over the past several years, India has seen the incidence of obesity double or quadruple due to economic expansion, industrialisation, motorised transportation, urbanisation, a more sedentary lifestyle, and a nutritional change to prepare dishes that are rich in calories. Many things contribute to becoming overweight or obese since bodyweight is influenced by various factors, including genetics, metabolism, behaviour, the environment, culture, and socioeconomics. When evaluating the risk of various diseases, the quantity, location, and distribution of fat and obesity in the human body are significant. Being overweight and having an improper fat distribution are linked to a variety of illnesses. Obesity occurs when a person’s weight exceeds their body fat percentage. Therefore, obesity has already increased dramatically in India as a consequence of these factors, putting Indian residents at risk for health concerns. Our study aims to bring awareness to the problems, better understand the problems, and record the incidence of obesity and overweight in the Indian community. Obesity education and public awareness may go a long way toward preventing these issues.

How to cite this article:
Sarkar B, Biswas P, Acharya CK, Jana SK, Nahar N, Ghosh S, Dasgupta D, Ghorai SK, Madhu NR. Obesity Epidemiology: A Serious Public Health Concern in India. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2022;54(1):21-28.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2278.2044.202205

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Published
2022-03-30