Hazard Exposure and Health Assessment of Construction Workers in New Delhi, India

  • Aakanksha Bharti Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8851-8925
  • Jugal Kishore Director Professor & Head of Department-Community Medicine, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital (Ministry of Health & Family Welfare) New Delhi;
  • Mayank Bharti Intern, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India.
  • Rhea Bharti Intern, Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi.
  • Deepak Yadav Post Graduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Prateek Goyal Post Graduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
Keywords: Occupational Injury, Occupational Hazard, Constructions workers


Introduction: Construction workers are at a risk of a number of health-related problems, and are exposed to a plethora of occupational hazards. Due to dearth of studies on construction workers about various determinants playing key role on their health.

Objectives: 1) To determine the socio-demographic status of construction workers. 2) To assess workplace hazard exposure among study subjects. 3) To evaluate the overall health of the study subjects.

Method: An opportunity was created in a general health camp organised by Department of Community Medicine, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi in collaboration with Central Public Work Department (C.P.W.D) Officers’ Wives Association. All the construction workers attending the health camp were approached and only those who consented were included in the study. An interviewer administered questionnaire was filled for all the study subjects. Along with the questionnaire, detailed clinical examination was done, blood pressure and random blood sugar was measured. Simple tables and cross tables were made to present the data.

Result: Total 129 construction workers were included in the study. Nearly 87% of the workers were employed on temporary or contract basis. 63.6% (n=82) spent 8 to 12 hours per day at work. Around half of the construction workers earned Rs. 10,000 per month or less. Thermal stress affected the maximum number of workers (54.3%), followed by dust (53.5%), followed by noise (38%). Around 10% (13) of the workers complained of having some health problem. Various complaints were generalised body ache, headache, weakness, fever, cough, cold, blood in sputum, decreased appetite and blood in stools.

Conclusion: Construction workers are suffering from adverse health problems. There is the importance of regulating work hours of construction workers, periodic training on safe work culture and ways to reduce workplace injuries.

How to cite this article:
Bharti A, Kishore J, Bharti M, Bharti R, Yadav D, Goyal P. Hazard Exposure and Health Assessment of Construction Workers in New Delhi, India. Int J Preven Curat Comm Med 2020; 6(2): 22-27.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2454.325X.202009


International Labour Organization. Global Trends on Occupational Accidents and Diseases. World Day Saf

Heal Work [Internet]. 2015; 1–7. Available from: http://www.ilo.org/legacy/english/osh/en/story_content/



Biswas G, Bhattacharya A, Bhattacharya R. Occupational health status of construction workers: A review. Int J

Med Sci Public Heal 2017; 6(4): 1.

Institute for Human Development. India Labour and Employment Report 2014. 2014; 4-5. Available from:

http://www.ihdindia.org/ILERpdf/Highlights of the Report.pdf.

Jayakrishnan T, Thomas B, Rao B, George B. Occupational health problems of construction workers in India. Int J Med Public Heal 2013; 3(4): 225.

Laad PS, Adsul BB, Chaturvedi RM, Shaikh M. Prevalence of Substance Abuse among Construction Workers. Res Pap 2013; 280-283.

SES constr workers.

Kaur D, Rajan lilare R, Dilip Rathod N, Datta B, Kaswan P. An organization based cross-sectional study of

occupational injuries among bridge construction workers in an urban area of Mumbai. Int J Community

Med Public Heal 2019; 6(3): 1211.

Adsul BB, Laad PS, Howal PV, Chaturvedi RM. Health problems among migrant construction workers: A

unique public-private partnership project. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2011; 15(1): 29-32.

Adane MM, Gelaye KA, Beyera GK, Sharma HR. Occupational Injuries Among Building Construction

Workers in Gondar City, Ethiopia. Occup Med Heal Aff 2013; 01(05): 1-5.

Gurav RB, Kartikeyan S, Wayal R, Joshi SD. Assessment of health profile of daily wage labourers. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2005; 9(3): 115-117.

Chung JW, Wong BY, Yan VC, Chung LM, So HC, Chan A. Cardiovascular Health of Construction Workers in

Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study. (Ci):1-20.