Selected Morbidities among Workers of an Adhesive Plaster Industry in Goa
Background: The toxic nature of chemicals & pollutants associated with an adhesive plaster industry is well established. A disastrous health sequel would occur among workers of these industries due to exposure to pollution, created & stored wastes, and constant noise & bright light.
Objective: To describe selected morbidities among workers in an adhesive plaster industry in Goa.
Methodology: The study was conducted over a period of two months during which, the data of 135 workers was obtained from an Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Centre catering to an adhesive plaster industry in North Goa which conducted periodic medical check-ups of these workers. The data included socio-demographic characteristics and details regarding selected morbidities among the workers of the adhesive plaster industry.
Result: Among 135 workers, the mean age was 40.96 ± 11.1 years. Majority of the participants were males. It was observed that 5 (3.7 %) had a known history of diabetes and 48 (35.6 %) were hypertensive. Near-vision abnormalities were seen among 66 (48.9 %), whereas 60 (44.4 %) had uncorrected far-vision abnormalities. Obesity was detected among 6 (4.4 %) whereas 40 (29.6 %) were overweight. Obstructive & restrictive respiratory diseases were seen in 3 (2.2 %) & 40 (29.6 %) persons respectively. Audiometry reports revealed 4 (3%) workers had mild to moderate hearing loss.
Conclusion: Workers in the adhesive plaster industry suffered from several lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, as well as occupational diseases like audio-visual impairment and lung diseases. This study emphasizes the importance of periodic medical examinations for timely detection & appropriate treatment of the health conditions among such workers.
How to cite this article:
Naik MV, Kalyani S, Cacodcar JA, Mhalshekar VK, Mhalshekar SV. Selected Morbidities among Workers of an Adhesive Plaster Industry in Goa. Int J Preven Curat Comm Med 2020; 6(2): 12-15.
What is Occupational Health? [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 30]. Available from: http://www.agius.com/hew/
WHO | About occupational health [Internet]. WHO. World Health Organization; [cited 2020 Jun 30].
Available from: https://www.who.int/occupational_health/about/en/.
Using Total Worker Health® Concepts to Address Hearing Health (2019-155). 2019 Sep 27 [cited 2020
Jun 30]; Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/wp-solutions/2019-155/default.html.
India. National Occupational Safety and Health Profile. New Delhi: Directorate General Factory Advice Service
and Labor Institutes; 2013.
India. The Goa Factories (Occupational Safety and Health Audit) Rules 2014. Goa: Government Gazette
Notification; 2014. Available from https://ifbgoa.goa.gov.in/sites/default/files/The_Goa_Occ_Safety___
Lauk W. Pharmaceutical adhesive plaster and method for manufacturing it [Internet]. US4695277A, 1987
[cited 2020 Jun 30]. Available from: https://patents.google.com/patent/US4695277A/en.
Alarie YC, Anderson RC. Toxicologic and acute lethal hazard evaluation of thermal decomposition products of
synthetic and natural polymers. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1979; 51(2): 341-362.
doPICO GuA, Rankin J, Chosy LW, Reddan WG, Barbee R, Gee B, et al. Respiratory Tract Disease from
Thermosetting Resins. Ann Intern Med 1975; 83(2): 177-184.
Campo P, Morata TC, Hong O. Chemical exposure and hearing loss. Dis--Mon DM 2013; 59(4): 119-138.
Microsoft Excel, Spreadsheet Software, Excel Free Trial [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jun 8]. Available from: https://
SPSS Software [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Jun 14]. Available from: https://www.ibm.com/analytics/spssstatistics-software.
OpenEpi Menu [Internet]. [cited 2019 Jul 27]. Available from: http://www.openepi.com/Menu/OE_Menu.htm
Saiyed HN et al. Occupational health research in small – scale industries in India. Ind Health 2004: 42(2): 141-148
Henneberger et al. Changes of physiological levels of risk factors contributing to induction of metabolic
syndrome in workers chronically exposed to styrene. J Korean Soc Occup Environ Hyg (2009); 19: 30-38.
Suri S et al. Occupational health profile of workers employed in manufacturing sector of India. Natl Med
J India 2016; 29(5): 277-281.
Black M et al. The health risks of informal waste workers in the Kathmandu Valley: a cross-sectional
survey. Public Health 2019; 166: 10-18. DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2018.09.026. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Goncalves F et al. Influences of the weather and air pollutants on cardiovascular diseases in metropolitan
area workers. Environ Res 2007; 104: 275-281. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2007.01.004.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Preventive, Curative & Community Medicine (E-ISSN: 2454-325X)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.