Cardiovascular Manifestations of SARS CoV-2: A Review

  • Naresh Kumar Professor of Medicine and Head, Pulmonary Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4581-609X
  • Satish Kumar Senior Resident, Department of Medicine, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, U.P., India.
  • Harsh Vardhan Senior Resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, india.
  • Lovika Lakhtakia Senior Resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, india.
  • MK Daga Director Professor, Department of Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, india
Keywords: SARS CoV-2, COVID 19, Cardiovascular Manifestation, Myocardial Injury, Myocarditis, Arrhythmia

Abstract

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is a public health emergency of global concern. Besides the profound severe pulmonary damage, SARS-CoV-2 infection also causes a series of cardiovascular abnormalities, including myocardial injury, myocarditis and pericarditis, arrhythmia and cardiac arrest, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, and coagulation abnormalities. COVID-19 patients with preexisting cardiovascular diseases are often at a much higher risk of increased morbidity and mortality. Number of mechanisms have been postulated for SARS CoV-2-associated cardiovascular damage including direct myocardial injury, systemic inflammation, hypoxemia, coronary thrombosis and drug-induced cardiac damage. Special attention should be given towards patients of SARS CoV-2 with concurrent cardiovascular diseases. Knowledge of the injury caused by SARS CoV-2 to the cardiovascular system and the mechanisms behind it is of the utmost importance to reduce the morbidity and mortality of these patients by treating them in time.

How to cite this article:
Kumar N, Kumar S, Vardhan H, Lakhtakia L, Daga MK. Cardiovascular Manifestations of SARS CoV-2: A Review. J Adv Res Med 2020; 7(2): 1-10.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2349.7181.202005

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Published
2020-10-26