Prevalence of Hypertension in Indian Tribal Adult population: A Scoping Review
Background: There is an increasing trend in prevalence of hypertension worldwide. Studies have shown that tribal populations in India are also experiencing this transition. Objective: To know the prevalence of hypertension in tribal population of India. Method: A literature search PubMed, Google scholar databases from January 1980-December 2019 using the MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) - prevalence, hypertension, tribal, adult population, India, cross-sectional studies was conducted. Out of the total 96 published studies which reported the prevalence of hypertension in Indian tribal population, 21 were included in the review. Data Extraction: All the data were extracted by the investigators using a standardized protocol and data collection form. Result: Total twenty-one studies with sample size varying from 154 to 47,401 were included in the review. The reported prevalence of hypertension in tribal populations varied from 10% to 55.5% in different regions and states of India. The prevalence of hypertension in males was higher than females. Increasing age, body mass index, smoking, diabetes and extra salt intake were common risk factors. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension in Indian tribal population is as high as other urban and rural populations and needs preventive measures to control the problem.
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Tripathi N, Kishore J, Babu B. Prevalence of Hypertension in Indian Tribal Adult population: A Scoping Review. J Adv Res Med 2020; 7(1): 5-13.
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