Socio-demographic, Environmental and Life Style Factors on the Dengue Epidemic in Noakhali District, Bangladesh: Evidence from Recent Outbreak

  • Md. Ruhul Kabir Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh. and School of Communication, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong.
  • Nahian Rahman Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2899-7266
  • Allama Iqbal Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Fahmida Azad Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Shawon Hasan Tithi Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Muhammad Helal Uddin Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Urme Mostary Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Meraz Tanvir Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Md. Zakaria Tanzim Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Md. Abdur Rob Mahim Dept. of Food Technology & Nutrition Science, Faculty of Science, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
Keywords: Dengue, Dengue Epidemic, Environmental & Lifestyle factors, Noakhali District

Abstract

Background: Dengue, a mosquito-borne disease predominantly found in tropical and subtropical countries like Bangladesh. This study attempted to look at the influence of various socio-demographic, environmental, and lifestyle factors on the recent dengue outbreak in Noakhali district, Bangladesh.

Methods: The study adopted a mixed-method analysis of information collected from hospital records of dengue patients, and a telephone survey of the same patients to collect background information, their length of stay in the hospital, types of symptoms they had & medicines they took, etc. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis were used for analysis.

Result: More than 80% of the patients were male, aged <30 years and resided in urban and semi-urban areas; >60% of the patients got bitten by dengue vector at working place or while traveling, >50% of the patients reported that they did not have proper sewage and garbage management at place. Patients living in urban areas were more likely to get infected with dengue than in other areas. Older patients (≥30 years) were more likely to stay longer duration in hospital than younger ones. Moreover, men had higher chances of getting bitten at working place than women and children who were mostly bitten at household and surrounding environment [OR = 14.7; P = 0.01].

Conclusion: Environmental, lifestyle, and socio-demographic factors had effects on dengue patients and their sufferings at the hospital. A safe working environment, proper sewage, and garbage management system, and organized urban development plan can help to reduce larvae development sites to a great extent.

How to cite this article:
Kabir Md. R, Rahman N, Iqbal A, Azad F, Tithi SH, Uddin MH et al. Socio-demographic, Environmental and Life Style Factors on the Dengue Epidemic in Noakhali District, Bangladesh: Evidence from Recent Outbreak. J Commun Dis 2020; 52(4): 57-65.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/0019.5138.202041

References

Yang T. Epidemiology and vector efficiency during a dengue fever outbreak in Cixi, Zhejiang Province,

China. Journal of Vector Ecology 2009; 34(1): 148-154.

Rahman M. First outbreak of dengue hemorrhagic fever, Bangladesh. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2002;

(7): 738.

Srinivas V, Srinivas VR. Dengue fever: A review article. Indian J Med Res 2011.

Nishiura H, Halstead SB. Natural history of dengue virus (denv)-1 and denv-4 infections: Reanalysis of

classic studies. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 2007; 195(7): 1007-1013.

Gubler DJ, Clark GG. Dengue/dengue hemorrhagic fever: the emergence of a global health problem.

Emerging Infectious Diseases 1995; 1(2): 55.

Van Benthem BHB. Spatial patterns of and risk factors for seropositivity for dengue infection. The American

Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2005; 72(2): 201-208.

Khan J. Epidemiological trends and risk factors associated with dengue disease in Pakistan (1980–

: a systematic literature search and analysis. BMC Public Health 2018; 18(1): 745.

Zellweger RM. Socioeconomic and environmental determinants of dengue transmission in an urban

setting: An ecological study in Nouméa, New Caledonia. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2017; 11(4):

e0005471.

Costa JV, Donalisio MR, Silveira LVDA. Spatial distribution of dengue incidence and socio-environmentalconditions in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, 2007. Cadernos de saude Publica 2013; 29(8): 1522-1532.

Hagenlocher M. Assessing socioeconomic vulnerability to dengue fever in Cali, Colombia: statistical vs expertbased modeling. International Journal of Health Geographics 2013; 12(1): 36.

Mulligan K. Is dengue a disease of poverty? A systematic review. Pathog Glob Health 2015; 109 (1): 10-18.

Gupta V. Risk factors of dengue shock syndrome in children. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2011; 57(6):

-456.

Ahmed S. Dengue fever outbreak: a clinical management experience. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2008; 18(1): 8-12.

Malavige GN. Dengue viral infections. Postgraduate Medical Journal 2004; 80(948): 588-601.

Bhatt S. The global distribution and burden of dengue. Nature 2013; 496(7446): 504-507.

Paul KK. Risk factors for the presence of dengue vector mosquitoes, and determinants of their prevalence

and larval site selection in Dhaka, Bangladesh. PloS One 2018; 13(6).

Akram A. Alarming turn of dengue fever in Dhaka city in 2019. Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases

; 6(1): 1-2.

Banu S. Projecting the impact of climate change on dengue transmission in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Environment International 2014; 63: 137-142.

Mutsuddy P. Dengue situation in Bangladesh: An epidemiological shift in terms of morbidity and

mortality. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology 2019.

Jansen CC, Beebe NW. The dengue vector Aedes aegypti: what comes next. Microbes and Infection

; 12(4): 272-279.

Tun‐Lin W, Burkot TR, Kay BH. Effects of temperature and larval diet on development rates and survival of

the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in north Queensland, Australia. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 2000;

(1): 31-7.

Dhar-Chowdhury P. Dengue seroprevalence, seroconversion and risk factors in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2017; 11(3): e0005475.

Beebe NW. Australia’s dengue risk driven by human adaptation to climate change. PLoS Neglected Tropical

Diseases 2009; 3(5).

Pooransingh SS, Dialsingh I. Dengue deaths: associated factors and length of hospital stay. Advances in

Preventive Medicine, 2016.

George L. Community-effectiveness of temephos for dengue vector control: a systematic literature review.

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2015; 9(9).

Habib N, Aziz W, Ashaq A. Dengue fever: a statistical analysis regarding awareness about dengue among

university students in Azad Kashmir. Journal of Healthcare Communications 2016; 2(1): 1.

Nguyen HV. Knowledge, attitude and practice about dengue fever among patients experiencing the

outbreak in Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2019; 16(6):

Alobuia WM. Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding vector-borne diseases in Western Jamaica.

Annals of Global Health 2015; 81(5): 654-663.

Ahmed TU. Some socio-demographic factors related to dengue outbreak in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Zool 2007; 35: 213-222.

Chakravarti A, Kumaria R. Eco-epidemiological analysis of dengue infection during an outbreak of dengue fever, India. Virology Journal 2005; 2(1): 32.

Kamath R. Assessment of environmental factors associated with dengue transmission in Udupi Taluk,

Karnataka. Journal of the Scientific Society 2013; 40(3): 159.

Published
2020-12-31