Long-term Follow-up of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients of Delhi, Who had Received DOTS Plus Treatment along with Home Care and Counseling

  • Joyce F Vaghela Senior Consultant and HOD, Community Health Department, St. Stephen’s Hospital, Sunder Nagari, Delhi, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7839-7501
  • Tanu Anand Scientist D (Medical), Department of Health Research, Indian Council for Medical Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Red Cross Road, New Delhi, India.
Keywords: Follow-up through Neighbors, Physical Follow-up, Self-Reporting, Telephonic Follow-up

Abstract

Background: To realize the vision of a world free of TB, it becomes mandatory to disallow Ex-TB and Ex-MDR TB patients to have relapse or become Extremely Drug Resistant (XDR). Long follow-up of treated cases, who also received home care and counseling hasn’t been done thus far in India.

Objective: To find out whether 50% of Ex-MDR TB patients who had also received home based support with counseling are healthy after five years.

Methods: This retrospective study of 109 Ex-MDR-TB patients was carried out by Community Health Department (CHD) of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Delhi. They had received daily MDR Regimen (starting from August 2009 to August 2010 from their respective DOTS Providers) and home care and strong counseling support. They completed it by 2011 or 2012. The study period was from May to August 2015.

Result: After a long follow up of these patients in 2015 it was found that 71(65.14%) were alive & healthy, 26(23.85%) dead, 5(4.59%) defaulters, 1(0.92%) failure cases, 4(3.67%) lost to follow-up, whereas 2(1.83%) were on treatment as they had relapsed.

Conclusion: Our study concludes that more than 50% Ex-MDR TB cases who had also received home based support with counseling are alive & healthy after five years. We recommend that a mechanism for home-based care & counseling and Long Follow Up for MDR TB patients be developed.

How to cite this article:
Vaghela JF, Anand T. Long-term Follow-up of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients of Delhi, Who had Received DOTS Plus Treatment along with Home Care and Counseling. J Commun Dis 2020; 52(2): 24-30.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/0019.5138.202015

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Published
2020-07-08