A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Pregnant Women Attending Maternity Hospital SKIMS, Soura, Srinagar, Kashmir
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. GDM is carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycemia with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Accurate diagnosis allows appropriate treatment. A pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test design with non-probability purposive sampling technique was used. The sample size for the study was 60 pregnant women. The findings of the study revealed that 96.7% had poor knowledge and few numbers of study subjects (3.3%) had average knowledge and no study subject had good knowledge regarding management of gestational diabetes mellitus in pretest. All the study subjects (100%) had good knowledge, and none of the study subjects had average or poor knowledge regarding management of gestational diabetes mellitus in posttest. The mean post-test knowledge level (98.842±4.1604) was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge level (26.783±7.0653). This indicates the effectiveness of the Structured Teaching Programme in increasing the level of knowledge of pregnant women regarding management of gestational diabetes mellitus at 0.05 level of significance. There was no statistically significant association between posttest knowledge level of study subjects with their selected demographic variables such as age, educational status, parity, type of family and monthly family income, at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study concluded that pregnant women were not possessing adequate knowledge regarding management of gestational Diabetes Mellitus. The Structured Teaching Programme was found effective in increasing the knowledge level of study subjects, hence there was dire need to educate them regarding management of Gestational diabetes Mellitus.
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