Is foot type an indicator of Anterior Cruciate Ligament injury Football Players?

  • Kalpana Zutshi
  • K Sinha Vivek Physiotherapist, AIIMS, Patna, Bihar, India.
  • D Wardhan Senior Physiotherapist, AIIMS, Delhi, India.
Keywords: foot types, ACL injury, pronation


Background: Assessment of abnormal biomechanics, anatomical differences is the part and parcel of preparticipation evaluation. This can provide useful information about the cause and mechanism of certain sports injury, and strategies for injury prevention. However, there have been only few previous investigations which can conclusively correlate certain foot type with specific knee injury.

Objective: To determine any relationship between foot type and ACL injury.

Method: A Case- Control study design was adopted for  this clinical study to investigate foot- type as a risk factor for ACL injury.35 professional  football players with a surgical history of ACL reconstruction and 35  professional football players without any history of ACL injury participated in our study. Foot types were determined by measuring their medial longitudinal arch angle and rearfoot-leg eversion angle. Questionnaire which included other variables of ACL injury were filled and analyzed to eliminate their  interference in this study.

 Results: There was a significant relationship between pronated foot type as a risk factor for ACL injury. The Odds ratio calculated {OR=6.44, Lower limit=2.134(95% Confidence interval)} , suggested the acceptance of  alternative hypothesis of pronated foot’s  correlation to ACL injury.

Conclusions: This suggests that  pronated foot is a risk factor for ACL injury in football players.

How to cite this article:

Vivek KS, Zutshi K, Wardhan D. Is Foot Type an Indicator of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Football Players? Ind J Youth Adol Health 2020; 7(2): 16-22.



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