Teenage Marriages and Induced Abortion among Women of Reproductive Age Group (15-49 Years) Residing in an Urbanized Village of Delhi
Introduction: Teenage pregnancy is one of the important public health concerns because unsafe induced abortions are also common among them.
Objectives: To find out history of teenage marriages and determinants of induced abortion among women of reproductive age group residing in an urbanized village of Delhi.
Material & Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out involving 320 women of reproductive age group (15-49 yrs.) resident of an urbanized village of Delhi who were selected by simple random sampling after getting their informed consent. Study tool was pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire containing closed-ended and open-ended questions on socio-demographic profile, age of marriage, obstetrics history, abortion history and complications after induced abortion. The data was collected, compiled and entered in MS-Excel and analyzed with the help of SPSS version 21.0. Association between the groups was accepted statistically significant when p<0.05.
Results: Majority (82.2%) of the women were of age group 25-49 yrs. While 17.8% of the study subjects were of 15-24 yrs. age group. 49.7% of the women accepted that they had solemnized their marriages in teen age. About 40% women were having a history of abortion in their lifetime and one-fourth (25%) women underwent induced abortion. Among induced abortion cases, more than half (54%) of the study subjects underwent unsafe abortions and more common was in adolescent age group.
Conclusion: Teenage pregnancy and unsafe induced abortion are common in an urbanized village. Preventive strategies such as reduction in the unsafe abortion, raising awareness regarding various contraceptive measures, reduction in unmet need of family planning and accessibility of safe abortion services are urgently required.
World Health Organization. The prevention and management of unsafe abortion. Report of a Technical
Working Group. Available from: http:// whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1992/WHO_MSM_92.5.pdf.
Okonofua FE, Shittu SO, Oronsaye F et al. Attitudes and practices of private medical providers towards family
planning and abortion services in Nigeria. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2005; 84(3): 270-280.
Unsafe Abortion: Global and Regional Estimates of the Incidence of Unsafe Abortion and Associated Mortality
in 2000. 4th edition. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2004.
Population Reference Bureau and Centre for Population Option. Facts at a Glance. New York 1994.
Park K. Park’ Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 20th edition. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot
publishers 2009. 435.7. Janshankya Sthirata Kosh (National Population Stabilization Fund). Available at www.jsk.gov.in/maternal_mortality_ratio.asp.
Annual survey by department of community medicine, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi.
Bhilwar M., Panna Lal, Nandini Sharma et al. Prevalence of induced abortions and contraceptive use among
married women in an urban slum of Delhi, India. Int J Gynecol Obstet 2017; 136(1): 29-32.
Khokhar A, Gulati N. Profile of induced abortions in women from an urban slum of Delhi. Indian J
Community Med 2000; 25(4): 177-180.
Iyengar K, Iyengar SD. Improving access to safe abortion in a rural primary care setting in India: experience of a service delivery intervention. Reprod Health 2016; 13(1): 54.
Patnaik A, Ganatyat PK, Patnaik L et al. Socio clinical profile of septic abortion cases - A hospital-based
study. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2007; 3: (1): 26-30.
Kaur Sukhwinder B, Singh Sukhminder Jit B, Kaur Gangdeep G et al. Medical abortion: is it a blessing or
curse for the developing nations? Sri Lanka J Obstet Gynaecol 2011; 33: 84-90.
Puwar B, Puwar T, Trivedi KN. Study of infertility indicators in slum areas of Ahmadabad city in India.
The internet Journal of Health 2009; 9(1): 9.
Ram R, Ghosh MN, Bhattacharya S et al. Study of unmet need for family planning among married women of
reproductive age attending immunization clinic in a medical college of Calcutta. India Journal of Community
Medicine 2000; Vol. XXV(1): 22-25.
Population Reference Bureau and Centre for Population option; facts at glance, New York; 1994.
Dhillon BS, Chandhiok N, Kambo I et al. Induced abortion and concurrent adoption of contraception
in the rural areas of India (An ICMR task force study). Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 2004; 58(11): 478-
Available at http://rchiips.org/NFHS/factsheet_NFHS-4.shtml.
Choudhary S, Aluja NS, Sharma S et al. A study on the extent and reasons of unmet need for family planning
among women of reproductive age group in rural area of Haryana. The internet journal of health 2009; 12(1): 1-7.
Copyright (c) 2019 Indian Journal of Youth and Adolescent Health (E-ISSN: 2349-2880)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.