Awareness and Knowledge about Occupational Therapy among Healthcare Professionals in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Shivani Bhardwaj PhD Scholar, Department of Occupational Therapy, (Orthopedics), Santosh Deemed to be University, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • RK Sharma Principal and HOD, Department of Occupational Therapy, Santosh Occupational Therapy College, Santosh Medical College and Hospitals, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Amit Kumar Dwivedi HOD, Department of Orthopedics, Santosh Deemed to be University, Santosh Medical College and Hospitals, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Lakshmanan Sethuraman Senior Occupational Therapist, Centre for Addiction Medicine, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Keywords: Awareness Knowledge, Occupational Therapy, Occupational Therapy in India, Healthcare Professionals, Referrals


Background: The importance of awareness about Occupational Therapy (OT) in providing high-quality care to patients cannot be underscored. An adequate understanding of OT ascertained by Healthcare Professionals (HP), might promote timely relevant referrals for OT services.
Aim: This study aimed to assess awareness and knowledge about OT among HP in India.
Study Design: Cross-sectional design.
Method: The authors developed and validated a questionnaire followed by contacting the selected HP from the various hospitals in the country. The link for the google form was shared with the consented HP. Data was collected from September 2021 to October 2021. Pearson chi-square test was used to analyse the correlation among the questionnaire items.
Results: 230 participants consented to participate in the survey and their responses were analysed. The results showed that 84.8% of the HP were aware of OT as an independent profession, since 64.8% of HP were providing habilitation/ rehabilitation services as a part of their clinical services. University curriculum and work practice were identified as major sources where HP learnt about OT. The Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was considered a primary practice area by HP.
Conclusion: The study concluded that HP is aware of OT and recognized it as a profession dedicated to the habilitation and rehabilitation of persons with disability. However, their responses revealed a lack of awareness about the profession’s scope with regard to practice and function in the workplace. As a result, referrals may be disrupted, affecting patient care and holistic approach.

How to cite this article:
Bhardwaj S, Sharma RK, Dwivedi A, Sethuraman L. Awareness and Knowledge about Occupational Therapy among Healthcare Professionals in India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Chettinad Health City Med J. 2022;11(4):21-30.



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